Executive Order 11490
WHEREAS our national security
is dependent upon our ability to assure continuity of government, at every
level, in any national emergency type situation that might conceivably confront
the nation; and
WHEREAS effective national preparedness planning to meet such an
emergency, including a massive nuclear attack, is essential to our national
WHEREAS effective national preparedness planning requires the
identification of functions that would have to be performed during such an
emergency, the assignment of responsibility for developing plans for performing
these functions, and the assignment of responsibility for developing
the capability to implement those plans; and
WHEREAS the Congress has directed the development of such national
emergency preparedness plans and has provided funds for the accomplishment
WHEREAS this national emergency preparedness planning activity has been
an established program of the United States Government for more than twenty
NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority
vested in me as President of the United States, and pursuant to Reorganization
Plan No. 1 of 1958 (72 Stat. 1799), the National Security Act of 1947, as
amended, the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended, and the Federal Civil
Defense Act, as amended, it is hereby ordered as follows-
Purpose and Scope
SECTION 101 Purpose.
This order consolidates the assignment of emergency preparedness functions to
various departments and agencies heretofore contained in the 21 Executive orders
and 2 Defense Mobilization orders listed in Section 3015 of this order.
Assignments have been adjusted to conform to changes in organization which have
occurred subsequent to the issuance of those Executive orders and Defense
(a) This order is
concerned with the emergency national planning and preparedness functions of the
several departments and agencies of the Federal Government which complement the
military readiness planning responsibilities
of the Department of Defense; together,
these measures provide the basic foundation for our overall national
preparedness posture, and are fundamental to our ability to survive.
(b) The departments and agencies of the Federal Government are hereby severally
charged with the duty of assuring the continuity of the Federal Government in
any national emergency type situation that might confront the nation. To this
end, each department and agency with essential functions, whether expressly
identified in this order or not, shall develop such plans and take such actions,
including but not limited to those specified in this order, as may be necessary
to assure that it will be able to perform its essential functions, and continue
as a viable part of the Federal Government, during any emergency that might
conceivably occur. These include plans for maintaining the continuity of
essential functions of the department or agency at the seat of government and
elsewhere, through programs concerned with:
(1) succession to office;
(2) predelegation of emergency authority;
(3) safekeeping of essential records;
(4) emergency relocation sites supported by communications and required
(5) emergency action steps;
(6) alternate headquarters or command facilities; and
(7) protection of Government resources, facilities, and personnel. The
continuity of Government activities undertaken by the departments and agencies
shall be in accordance with guidance provided by, and subject to evaluation by,
the Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness.
(c) In addition to the activities indicated
above, the heads of departments and agencies described in Parts 2 through 29 of
this order shall:
(1) prepare national emergency plans,
develop preparedness programs, and attain an appropriate
state of readiness with respect to the functions assigned to them in this order
for all conditions of national emergency;
(2) give appropriate consideration to emergency preparedness factors in the
conduct of the regular functions of their agencies, particularly those functions
considered essential in time of emergency, and
(3) be prepared to implement, in the event of an emergency, all appropriate
plans developed under
SEC. 103 Presidential Assistance.
The Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, in accordance with the
provisions of Executive Order No. 11051 of September 27, 1962, shall advise and
assist the President in determining national preparedness goals and policies for
the performance of functions under this order and in coordinating the
performance of such functions with the total national preparedness program.
SEC. 104 General and Specific Functions.
The functions assigned by Part 30, General Provisions, apply to all departments
and agencies having emergency preparedness responsibilities. Specific functions
are assigned to departments and agencies covered in Parts 2 through 29.
SEC. 105 Construction.
The purpose and legal effect of the assignments contained in this order do not
constitute authority to implement the emergency plans prepared pursuant to this
order. Plans so developed may be effectuated only in the event that authority
for such effectuation is provided by a law enacted by the Congress or by an
order or directive issued by the President pursuant to statutes or the
Constitution of the United States.
Department of State
SECTION 201 Functions.
The Secretary of State shall prepare national emergency plans and develop
preparedness programs to permit modification or expansion of the activities of
the Department of State and agencies, boards, and commissions under his
jurisdiction in order to meet all conditions of national emergency, including
attack upon the United States.
The Secretary of State shall provide to all other departments and agencies
overall foreign policy direction, coordination, and supervision in the
formulation and execution of those emergency preparedness activities which have
foreign policy implications, affect foreign relations, or depend directly or
indirectly, on the policies and capabilities of the Department of State. The
Secretary of State shall develop policies, plans, and procedures for carrying
out his responsibilities in the conduct of the foreign relations of the United States
under conditions of national emergency, including, but not limited to
(1) the formulation and
implementation, in consultation with the Department of Defense and other
appropriate agencies, and the negotiation of contingency and post-emergency
plans with our allies and of the intergovernmental agreements and arrangements
required by such plans;
(2) formulation, negotiation, and execution of policy affecting the
relationships of the United States with neutral States;
(3) formulation and execution of political strategy toward hostile or enemy
States, including the definition of war objectives and the political means for
achieving those objectives;
(4) maintenance of diplomatic and consular representation abroad;
(5) reporting and advising on conditions overseas which bear upon the national
(6) carrying out or proposing economic measures with respect to other nations,
including coordination with the export control functions of the Secretary of
(7) mutual assistance activities such as ascertaining requirements of the
civilian economies of other nations, making recommendations to domestic resource
agencies for meeting such requirements, and determining the availability of and
making arrangements for obtaining foreign resources required by the United
(8) providing foreign assistance, including continuous supervision and general
direction of authorized economic and military assistance programs, and
determination of the value thereof;
(9) protection or evacuation of American citizens and nationals abroad and
safeguarding their property;
(10) protection and/or control of international organization and foreign
diplomatic, consular, and other official personnel and property, or other
assets, in the United States;
(11) documentary control of persons seeking to enter or leave the United States;
(12) regulation and control of exports of items on the munitions list.
Department of the Treasury
SECTION 301 Functions.
The Secretary of the Treasury shall develop policies, plans and procedures for
the performance of emergency functions with respect to
(1) stabilization aspects
of the monetary, credit, and financial system;
(2) stabilization of the dollar in relation to foreign currencies;
(3) collection of revenue;
(4) regulation of financial institutions;
(5) supervision of the Federal depository system;
(6) direction of transactions in government securities;
(7) tax and debt policies;
(8) participation in bilateral and multilateral financial arrangements with.
(9) regulation of foreign assets in the United States and of foreign financial
dealings (in consultation with the Secretaries of State and Commerce);
(10) development of procedures for the manufacture and/or issuance and
redemption of securities, stamps, coins, and currency;
(11) development of systems for the issuance and payment of Treasury checks;
(12) maintenance of the central government accounting and financial reporting
(13) administration of customs laws, tax laws, and laws on control of alcohol,
alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and firearms;
(14) suppression of counterfeiting and
forgery of government securities, stamps, coins, and currency;
(15) protection of the President and the Vice President and other designated
(16) granting of
participation in or guarantees of loans) for the expansion of capacity, the
development of technological processes, or the production of essential material;
(17) to the extent that such functions have not been transferred to the
Secretary of Transportation, enforcement of marine inspection and navigation
SEC. 302 Financial Coordination.
The Secretary shall assume the initiative in developing plans for implementation
of national policy on sharing war losses and for the coordination of emergency
monetary, credit, and Federal benefit payment programs of those departments and
agencies which have responsibilities dependent on the policies or capabilities
of the Department.
Department of Defense
SECTION 401 Functions.
In addition to the civil defense functions assigned to the Secretary of Defense
by Executive Order No. 10952, the Secretary of Defense shall perform the
following emergency preparedness functions:
(1) Provide specific
strategic guidance as required for emergency preparedness planning and
programming, including, for example, guidance regarding such factors as
accessibility of foreign sources of supply and estimated shipping loss discounts
and aircraft losses in the event of war.
(2) Develop and furnish quantitative and. time-phased military requirements for
selected end-items, consistent with defined military concepts, and supporting
requirements for materials, components, production facilities, production
equipment, petroleum, natural gas, solid fuels, electric power, food,
transportation, and other services needed to carry out specified Department of
Defense current and mobilization procurement, construction, research and
development, and production programs. The items and supporting resources to be
included in such requirements, the periods to be covered, and the dates for
their submission to the appropriate resource agency will be determined by mutual
agreement between the Secretary of Defense and the head of the appropriate
(3) Advise and assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in developing a
national system of production urgencies.
(4) Advise and assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in developing a
system, in conjunction with the Department of State, for the international
allocation of critical materials and products among the United States and the
various foreign claimants in the event of an emergency, including an attack on
the United States.
(5) Plan for and administer priorities and allocations authority delegated to
the Department of Defense. Authorize procurement and production schedules and
make allotments of controlled materials pursuant to program determinations of
the Office of Emergency Preparedness.
(6) Assist the Department of Commerce and other appropriate agencies in the
development of the production and distribution controls plans for use in any
period of emergency.
(7) Develop with industry, plans for the procurement and production of selected
military equipment and supplies needed to fulfill emergency requirements, making
maximum use of plants in dispersed locations, and, where essential and
appropriate, providing for alternative sources of supply in order to minimize
the effects of enemy attack.
(8) Develop with industry, plans and programs for minimizing the effect of
attack damage to plants producing major items of military equipment and supply.
(9) Recommend to the Office of Emergency Preparedness measures for overcoming
potential deficiencies in production
capacity to produce selected military supplies and equipment needed to fulfill
emergency requirements, when necessary measures cannot be affected by the
Department of Defense.
(10) Furnish information and recommendations, when requested by the Office of
Emergency Preparedness, for purposes of processing applications for defense
loans under Title III of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended.
(11) Furnish advice and assistance on the utilization of strategic and critical
materials in defense production, including changes that occur from time to time.
(12) Analyze problems that may arise in maintaining an adequate mobilization
production base in military-product industries and take necessary actions to
overcome these problems within the limits of the authority and funds available
to the Department of Defense.
(13) Assist the Secretary of Commerce with respect to the identification and
evaluation of facilities important to the national defense.
(14) Advise and assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in the development
and review of standards for the strategic location and physical security of
industries, services, government, and other activities for which continuing
operation is essential to national security, and exercise physical security
cognizance over the facilities assigned to him for such purpose.
(15) Develop and operate damage assessment systems and assist the Office of
Emergency Preparedness and other departments and agencies in their
responsibilities as stated in Section 3002 (2): participate with the Office of
Emergency Preparedness in the preparation of estimates of potential damage from
(16) Advise and assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in the development
of over-all manpower policies to be instituted in the event of an emergency,
including an attack on the United States, including the provision of information
relating to the size and composition of the Armed Forces.
(17) Advise on existing communications
facilities and furnish military requirements for commercial communications
facilities and services in planning for and in event of an emergency, including
an attack on the United States.
(18) Furnish military requirements for all forms of transportation and
transportation facilities in planning for and in the event of emergency,
including an attack upon the United States.
(19) Assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in preparation of legislative
programs and plans for coordinating nonmilitary support of emergency
(20) Develop plans and procedures for the Department of Defense utilization of
no industrial facilities in the event of an emergency in order to reduce
requirements for new construction and to provide facilities in a minimum period
(21) Advise and assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in
(1) Determining what key foreign facilities
and operating rights thereto are important to the security of the United States,
(2) obtaining through appropriate channels protection against sabotage.
(22) Develop plans and procedure to carry
out Department of Defense responsibilities stated in the National Censorship
Agreement between the Department of Defense and the Office of Emergency
(23) Advise and assist the Department of State in planning for the evacuation of
dependents from overseas areas, United States teachers and administrators in the
overseas dependents schools, and such other United States citizens as may be
working in United States schools overseas.
(24) Develop plans for implementation of approved Department of State/Department
of Defense policies and procedures for the protection and evacuation of United States
citizens and certain designated aliens abroad.
(25) Develop plans and procedures for the provision of logistical support to
members of foreign forces, their employees and dependents as may be present in
the United States under the terms of bilateral or multilateral agreements which
authorize such support in the event of a national emergency.
(26) Develop with the Department of Transportation and Federal Communications
Commission plans and programs for the control of air traffic, civil and
military, during an emergency.
(27) Develop with the Federal Communications Commission and the Office of
Telecommunications Management (OEP) plans and programs for the emergency control
of all devices capable of emitting electromagnetic radiation.
Department of Justice
The Attorney General shall perform the following emergency preparedness
(1) Emergency documents and measures.
Provide advice, as appropriate, with respect to any emergency directive or
procedure prepared by a department or agency as a part of its emergency
(2) Industry support. As appropriate, review the legal procedures developed by
the Federal agencies concerned to be instituted if it becomes necessary for the
Government to institute extraordinary measures with respect to vital production
facilities, public facilities, communications systems, transportation systems,
or other facility, system, or service essential to national survival.
(3) Judicial and legislative liaison. In cooperation with the Office of
Emergency Preparedness, maintain liaison with Federal courts and with the
Congress so there will be mutual understanding of Federal emergency plans
involving law enforcement and the exercise of legal powers during emergencies of
(4) Legal advice. Develop emergency plans for providing legal advice to the
President, the Cabinet, and the heads of Executive departments and agencies
wherever they may be located in an emergency, and provide emergency procedures
for the review as to form and legality of Presidential proclamations, Executive
orders, directives, regulations, and documents, and of other documents requiring
the President or by the Attorney General which may be issued by authorized
officers after an armed attack.
(5) Alien control and control of entry and departure.
Develop emergency plans for the control of alien enemies and other aliens within
the United States, and in consultation with the Department of State and
Department of the Treasury, develop emergency plans for the control of persons
attempting to enter or leave the United States. These plans shall specifically
include provisions for the following:
(a) The location, restraint, or custody of
(b) Temporary detention of alien enemies and other persons attempting to enter
the United States pending determination of their admissibility.
(c) Apprehension of deserting alien crewmen and stowaways.
(d) Investigation and control of aliens admitted as contract laborers.
(e) Control of persons entering or departing from the United States at
designated ports of entry.
(f) Increased surveillance of the borders to preclude prohibited crossings by
(6) Alien property.
Develop emergency plans, in consultation with the Department of State, for the
seizure and administration of property of alien enemies under provisions
of the Trading with the Enemy Act.
(7) Security standards. In consultation with the Department of Defense and with
other executive agencies, to the extent appropriate, prepare plans for
of security standards governing the
employment of Federal personnel and Federal contractors in an emergency.
(8) Drug Control. Develop emergency plans and procedures for the administration
of laws governing the import, manufacture, and distribution of narcotics.
Consult with and render all possible aid and assistance to the Office of
Emergency Preparedness, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and
the General Services Administration in the allocation, distribution, and, if
necessary, the replenishment of Government stockpiles of narcotic drugs.
SEC. 502 Civil Defense Functions.
In consonance with national civil defense programs developed by the Department
of Defense, the Attorney General shall:
(1) Local law enforcement. Upon request,
consult with and assist the Department of Defense to plan, develop, and
distribute materials for use in the instruction and training of law enforcement
personnel for civil defense emergency operations; develop and carry out a
national plan for civil defense instruction and training for enforcement
officers, designed to utilize to the maximum extent practicable the resources
and facilities of existing Federal, State, and local public schools. academies
and other appropriate institutions of learning; and assist the States in
preparing for the conduct of intrastate and interstate law enforcement
operations to meet the extra- ordinary needs that would exist for emergency
police services under conditions of attack or imminent attack.
(2) Penal and correctional institutions. Develop emergency plans and
procedures for the custody and protection of prisoners and the use of Federal
penal and correctional institutional resources, when available, for cooperation
with local authorities in connection with mass feeding and housing, for the
storage of standby emergency equipment, for the emergency use of prison
hospitals and laboratory facilities, for the continued availability of
prison-industry products, and, in coordination with the Department of Labor, for
the development of Federal prisoner skills to appropriately augment the total
supply of manpower, advise States and their political subdivisions regarding the
use of State and local prisons, jails, and prisoners for the purpose of
relieving local situations and conditions arising from a state of emergency.
(3) Identification and location of persons. Develop emergency plans and
procedures for the use of the facilities and personnel of the Department of
Justice in assisting the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare with the
development of plans and procedures for the identification of the dead and the
reuniting of families during a civil defense emergency.
Post Office Department
SECTION 601 Functions.
The Postmaster General shall prepare plans
and programs for emergency mail service and shall cooperate with indicated
Federal agencies, in accordance with existing agreements or directives, in the
following national emergency programs:
(1) Registering of persons. Assist the
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in planning a national program and
developing technical guidance for States, and directing Post Office activities
concerned with registering persons and families for the purpose of receiving and
answering welfare inquiries and reuniting families in civil defense emergencies.
The program shall include procurement, transportation, storage, and distribution
of safety notification and emergency change of address cards in quantities and
localities jointly determined by the Department of Defense and the Post Office
(2) Other emergency programs.
(a) Censorship of international mails.
(Department of Defense; Department of the Treasury; Office of Emergency
(b) Provision for emergency mail service to Federal agencies at both regular and
emergency sites. (General Services Administration)
(c) Emergency registration of Federal employees. (Civil Service Commission)
(d) Emergency leasing of space for Federal agencies. (General Services
(3) Registration of enemy aliens.
(Department of Justice)
Department of the Interior
SECTION 701 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Secretary of the Interior shall prepare national emergency plans and develop
preparedness programs covering
(1) Electric power;
(2) petroleum and gas;
(3) solid fuels;
(4) minerals; and
(5) water, as defined in Section 702 of this part.
SEC. 702 Definitions. As used in this part:
(1) "Electric power"
means all forms of electric power and energy, including the generation,
transmission, distribution, and utilization thereof.
(2) "Petroleum" means crude oil and synthetic liquid fuel, their products, and
associated hydrocarbons, including pipelines for their movement and facilities
specially designed for their storage.
(3) "Gas" means natural gas (including
helium) and manufactured gas, including pipelines for their movement and
facilities specially designed for their storage.
(4) "Solid fuels" means all forms of anthracite, bituminous, sub-bituminous, and
lignitic coals, coke, and coal chemicals produced in the coke-making process.
(5) "Minerals" means all raw materials of mineral origin (except petroleum, gas,
solid fuels, and source materials as defined in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954,
as amended) obtained by mining and like operations and processed through the
stages specified and at the facilities designated in an agreement between the
Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Commerce as being within the
preparedness responsibilities of the Secretary of the Interior.
(6) "Water" means water from all sources except water after its withdrawal into
a community system, or an emergency system for treatment, storage, and
distribution for public use.
SEC. 703 Resource functions.
With respect to the resources defined in Section 702, the Secretary of the
(1) Minerals development. Develop programs
and encourage the exploration, development, and mining of strategic and critical
minerals for emergency purposes.
(2) Production. Provide guidance and leadership to assigned industries in the
development of plans and programs to insure the continuity of production in the
event of an attack, and cooperate with the Department of Commerce in the
identification and evaluation of essential facilities.
(3) Water. Develop plans with respect to water, including plans for the
treatment and disposal, after use, of water after its withdrawal into a
community system or an emergency system for treatment, storage, and distribution
for public use. In developing any plans relating to water for use on farms and
in food facilities, assure that those plans are in consonance with plans and
programs of the Department of Agriculture.
(4) Electric power and natural gas. In preparedness planning for electric power
and natural gas, the Federal Power Commission shall assist the Secretary of the
Interior as set forth in Section 1901 of this order.
Department of Agriculture
SECTION 801 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Secretary of Agriculture shall prepare national emergency plans and develop
preparedness programs covering:
(1) Food resources, farm
equipment, fertilizer, and food resource facilities as
(2) lands under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture;
(3) rural fire control;
(4) defense against biological and chemical warfare and radiological fallout
pertaining to agricultural activities; and
(5) rural defense information and education.
SEC. 802 Definitions. As used in this part:
(1) "Food resources" means all commodities
and products, simple, mixed, or compound, or complements to such commodities or
products, that are capable of being eaten or drunk, by either human beings or
animals, irrespective of other uses to which such commodities or products may be
put, at all stages of processing from the raw commodity to the products thereof
in vendible form for human or animal consumption. For the purposes of this
order, the term "food resources" shall also include all starches, sugars,
vegetable and animal fats and oils, cotton, tobacco, wool, mohair, hemp, flax
fiber, and naval stores, but shall not include any such material after it loses
its identity as an agricultural commodity or agricultural product.
(2) "Farm equipment" means machinery, equipment, and repair parts manufactured
primarily for use on farms in connection with the production or preparation for
market or use of "food resources."
(3) "Fertilizer" means any product or combination of products for plant
form for distribution to the users thereof.
(4) "Food resource facilities" means plants, machinery, vehicles (including on
farm), and other facilities (including farm housing) for the production,
processing, distribution, and storage (including cold storage) of food
resources, and for domestic distribution of farm equipment and fertilizer.
SEC. 803 Functions.
With respect to food resources, food resource facilities, lands under the
jurisdiction of the Secretary, farm equipment, and fertilizer, the Secretary of
processing, storage, and distribution. Develop plans for priorities,
allocations, and distribution control systems and related plans, including
control of use of facilities designed to provide adequate and continuing
production, processing, storage, and distribution of essential food resources in
an emergency, and to provide for the domestic distribution of farm equipment and
(2) Stockpiles. In addition to the food stockpile functions identified in
Executive Order No. 10958, take all possible measures in the administration of
Commodity Credit Corporation inventories of food resources to assure the
availability of such inventories when and where needed in an emergency. The
Secretary shall also
develop plans and procedures for the proper
utilization of agricultural items stockpiled for survival purposes.
(3) Land management. Develop plans and direct activities for the emergency
protection, management, and utilization of the lands, resources, and
installations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture and assist
in the development of plans for the emergency operation, production, and
processing of forest products in cooperation with other Federal, State, and
SEC. 804 Civil Defense Functions.
In consonance with national civil defense programs developed by the Department
of Defense, the Secretary of Agriculture shall:
(1) Rural fire defense. In cooperation with
Federal, State, and local agencies, develop plans for a national program and
direct activities relating to the prevention and control of fires in the rural
areas of the United States
caused by the effects of enemy attack.
(2) Biological, chemical, and radiological warfare defense. Develop plans for a
national program, direct Federal activities, and furnish technical guidance to
State and local authorities concerning
(a) diagnosis and strengthening of defensive
barriers and control or eradication of diseases, pests, or chemicals introduced
as agents of biological or chemical warfare against animals, crops, or products
(b) protective measures, treatment, and handling of live- stock, including
poultry, agricultural commodities on farms or ranches, agricultural lands,
forest lands, and water for agricultural purposes, any of which have been
exposed to or affected by radiation. Plans shall be developed for a national
program and direction of Federal activities to assure the safety and
wholesomeness and to minimize losses from biological and chemical warfare,
radiological effects, and other emergency hazards of livestock, meat `and meat
products, poultry and poultry products in establishments under the continuous
inspection of the Department of Agriculture, and agricultural commodities and
products owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation or by the Department of
(3) Defense information and education.
Conduct a defense information and education program in support of the
Department's emergency responsibilities.
Department of Commerce
SECTION 901 Resume of
The Secretary of Commerce shall prepare national emergency plans and
develop preparedness programs covering:
(1) The production and distribution of all
materials, the use of all production facilities (except those owned by,
controlled by, or under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense or the
Atomic Energy Commission), the control of all construction materials, and the
furnishing of basic industrial services except those involving the following:
(a) Production and distribution of and use
of facilities for petroleum, solid fuels, gas, electric power, and water;
(b) Production, processing, distribution, and storage of food resources and the
use of food resource facilities for such production, processing, distribution,
(c) Domestic distribution of farm equipment and fertilizer;
(d) Use of communications services and facilities, housing and lodging
facilities, and health, education, and welfare facilities ;
(e) Production, and related distribution, of minerals as defined in Subsection
702 (5), and source materials as defined in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as
amended; and the construction and use of facilities designated as within the
responsibilities of the Secretary of the Interior;
(f) Distribution of items in the supply systems of, or controlled by, the
Department of Defense and the Atomic Energy Commission;
(g) Construction, use, and management of civil aviation facilities; and
(h) Construction and use of highways, streets, and appurtenant structures.
(2) Federal emergency operational control
responsibilities with respect to ocean shipping, ports, and port facilities,
except those owned by, controlled by, or under the jurisdiction of the
Department of Defense, and except those responsibilities of the Department of
the Treasury with respect to the entrance and clearance of vessels. The
following definitions apply to this part:
(a) "Ocean shipping" includes all overseas,
coastwise, intercostals, and Great Lakes shipping except that solely engaged in
the transportation of passengers and cargo between United States ports on the
(b) "Port" or "port area" includes any zone contiguous to or associated in the
traffic network of an ocean or Great Lakes port, or outport location, including
beach loading sites, within which facilities exist for transshipment of persons
and property between domestic carriers and carriers engaged in coastal,
intercostals, and overseas transportation.
(c) "Port facilities" includes all port facilities, port equipment including
harbor craft, and port services normally used in accomplishing the transfer or
interchange of cargo and passengers between ocean-going vessels and other media
of transportation, or in connection therewith (including the Great Lakes).
(3) Scientific and
technological services and functions, essential to emergency preparedness plans,
programs, and operations of the Federal departments and
agencies, in which the Department of
Commerce has the capability, including, but not limited to:
(a) Meteorological and related services;
(b) Preparation, reproduction, and distribution of nautical and aeronautical
charts, geodetic, hydrographic, and oceanographic data, and allied services for
(c) Standards of measurement and supporting services; and
(d) Research, development, testing, evaluation, application, and associated
services and activities in the various fields and disciplines of science and
technology in which the
Department has special competence.
(4) Collection, compilation, and reporting
of census information and the provision of statistical and related services, as
required, for emergency planning and operations.
(5) Regulation and control of exports and imports, under the jurisdiction of the
Department of Commerce, in support of national security, foreign policy, and
economic stabilization objectives.
(6) Regulation and control of transfers of capital to, and reinvestment of
earnings of, affiliated foreign nationals pursuant to authority conferred by
Executive Order No. 11387 of January 1, 1968.
SEC. 902 Production Functions.
Within the areas designated in section 901 (1) hereof, the Secretary of Commerce
(1) Priorities and
allocations. Develop control systems for priorities, allocation, production, and
distribution, including provisions for other Federal departments and agencies,
as appropriate, to serve as allotting agents for materials and other resources
made available under such systems for designated programs and the construction
and operation of facilities assigned to them.
(2) New construction. Develop procedures by which new production facility
construction proposals will be reviewed for appropriate location in light of
such area factors as locational security, availability of labor, water, power,
housing, and other support requirements.
(3) Industry evaluation. Identify and evaluate the national security
essentiality of those products and services, and their producing or supporting
facilities, which are of exceptional importance to mobilization readiness,
national defense, or
post-attack survival and recovery.
(4) Production capability. Analyze potential effects of attack on actual
production capability, taking into account the entire production complex,
including shortages of resources, and conduct studies as a basis for
recommending pre-attack measures that would strengthen capabilities for
(5) Loans for plant modernization. Develop plans, in coordination with the Small
Business Administration, for providing
emergency assistance to essential small business establishments through direct
loans or participation loans for the financing of production facilities and
SEC. 903 Maritime Functions.
Within the areas designated in section 901(2) of this part, the Secretary of
Commerce shall develop plans and procedures in consonance with international
treaties, under coordinating authority of the Secretary of Transportation and in
cooperation with other appropriate Federal agencies and the States and their
political subdivisions, to provide for Federal operational control of ocean
ports and shipping, including:
(1) Shipping allocation. Allocation of
specific ocean shipping to meet the national requirements, including those for
military, foreign assistance, emergency procurement programs, and those
essential to the civilian economy.
(2) Ship acquisition. Provision of ships for ocean shipping by purchase,
charter, or requisition, by breakout from the national defense reserve fleet,
and by construction.
(3) Operations. Operation of ocean shipping, directly or indirectly.
(4) Traffic control. Provisions for the control of passengers and cargo through
port areas to assure an orderly and continuous flow of such traffic.
(5) Traffic priority. Administration of priorities for the movement of
passengers and cargo through port areas.
(6) Port allocation. Allocation of specific ports and port facilities to meet
the needs of the Nation and our allies.
(7) Support activities. Performance of supporting activities needed to carry
out the above-described functions, such as: ascertaining national support
requirements for ocean shipping, including those for support of military and
other Federal programs and those essential to the civil economy; maintenance,
repair, and arming of ships; recruiting, training, and assigning of officers and
seamen; procurement, warehousing, and issuance of ships' stores, supplies,
equipment, and spare parts; supervision of stevedoring and bunkering; management
of terminals, shipyards, repair, and other facilities; and provision,
maintenance, and restoration of port facilities.
SEC. 904 Census Functions.
Within the area designated in section 901(4) hereof, the Secretary of Commerce
(1) Provide for the
collection and reporting of census information on the status of human and
economic resources, including population, housing, agriculture, manufacture,
mineral industries, business, transportation, foreign trade, construction, and
governments, as required for emergency planning purposes.
(2) Plan, create, and maintain a capability for the conduct of post-attack
to provide information on the status of
surviving populations and resources as required for the programs of the Office
of Emergency Preparedness.
(3) Provide for and maintain the ability to make estimates of attack effects on
industry, population, and other resources for use within the Department of
SEC. 905 Civil Defense Functions.
In consonance with national civil defense programs developed by the Department
of Defense, the Secretary of Commerce shall:
(1) Weather functions. Prepare and issue
currently, as well as in an emergency, forecasts and estimates of areas likely
to be covered by radiological fallout in event of attack and make this
information available to Federal, State, and local authorities for public
(2) Geodetic, hydrographic, and oceanographic data. Provide geodetic,
hydrographic, and oceanographic data and services to the Department of Defense
and other governmental agencies, as appropriate.
Department of Labor
SECTION 1001 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Secretary of Labor shall have primary responsibility for preparing national
emergency plans and developing preparedness programs covering civilian manpower
mobilization, more effective utilization of limited manpower resources,
including specialized personnel, wage and salary stabilization, worker
incentives and protection, manpower resources and requirements, skill
development and training, research, labor-management relations, and critical
SEC. 1002 Functions.
The Secretary of Labor shall:
(1) Civilian manpower mobilization. Develop
plans and issue guidance designed to utilize to the maximum extent civilian
manpower resources, such plans and guidance to be developed with the active
participation and assistance of the States and local political subdivisions
thereof, and of other organizations and agencies concerned with the mobilization
of the people of the United States. Such plans shall include, but not
necessarily be limited to:
(a) Manpower management.
Recruitment, selection and referral, training, employment stabilization
(including appeals procedures), proper utilization, and determination of the
skill categories critical to meeting the labor requirements of defense and
essential civilian activities;
(b) Priorities. Procedures for translating
survival and production urgencies into manpower priorities to be used as guides
for allocating available workers; and
(c) Improving mobilization base. Programs for more effective utilization of
limited manpower resources, and, in cooperation with other appropriate agencies,
programs for recruitment, training, allocation, and utilization of persons
possessing specialized competence or aptitude in acquiring such competence.
(2) Wage and salary stabilization. Develop
plans and procedures for wage and salary stabilization and for the national and
field organization necessary for the administration of such a program in an
emergency, including investigation, compliance, and appeals procedures;
statistical studies of wages, salaries, and prices for policy decisions and to
assist operating stabilization agencies to carry out their functions.
(3) Worker incentives and protection. Develop plans and procedures for wage and
salary compensation and death and disability compensation for authorized civil
defense workers and, as appropriate, measures for unemployment payments,
reemployment rights, and occupational safety, and other protection and
incentives for the civilian labor force during an emergency.
(4) Skill development and training. Initiate current action programs to overcome
or offset present or anticipated manpower deficiencies, including those
identified as a result of resource and requirements studies.
(5) Labor-management relations. Develop, after consultation with the Department
of Commerce, the Department of Transportation, the Department of Defense, the
National Labor Relations Board, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service,
the National Mediation Board, and other appropriate agencies and groups,
including representatives of labor and management, plans and procedures,
including organization plans, for the maintenance of effective labor- management
relations during a national emergency.
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
SECTION 1101 Resume of
In addition to the medical stockpile functions identified in Executive Order No.
10958, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall prepare national
emergency plans and develop prepared- ness programs covering health services,
civilian health man- power, health resources, welfare services, social security
benefits, credit union operations, and educational programs as defined below.
SEC. 1102 Definitions.
As used in this part:
(1) "Emergency health
services" means medical and dental care for the civilian
population in all of their specialties and
adjunct therapeutic fields, and the planning, provision, and operation of first
aid stations, hospitals, and clinics; preventive health services, including
detection, identification and control of communicable diseases, their vectors,
and other public health hazards, inspection and control of purity and safety of
food, drugs, and biological; vital statistics services; rehabilitation and
related services for disabled survivors; preventive and curative care related to
human exposure to radiological, chemical, and biological warfare agents;
sanitary aspects of disposal of the dead; food and milk sanitation; community
solid waste disposal; emergency public water supply; and the determination of
the health significance of water pollution and the provision of other services
pertaining to health aspects of water use and water-borne wastes as set forth in
an agreement between the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the
Secretary of the Interior, approved by the President, pursuant to Reorganization
Plan No. 2 of 1966, which plan placed upon the Secretary of the Interior
responsibilities for the prevention and control of water pollution. It shall be
understood that health services for the purposes of this order, however, do not
encompass the following areas for which the Department of Agriculture has
responsibility: plant and animal diseases and pest prevention, control, and
eradication, wholesomeness of meat and meat products, and poultry and poultry
products in establishments under continuous inspection service by the Department
of Agriculture, veterinary biological, agricultural commodities and products
owned by the Commodity Credit Corporation or the Secretary of Agriculture,
livestock, agricultural commodities stored or harvestable on farms and ranches,
agricultural lands and water, and registration of pesticides.
(2) "Health manpower" means physicians (including osteopaths); dentists;
sanitary engineers; registered professional nurses; and such other occupations
as may be included in the List of Health Manpower Occupations issued for the
purposes of this part by the Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness
after agreement by the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Health,
Education, and Welfare.
(3) "Health resources" means manpower, material, and facilities required to
prevent the impairment of, improve, and restore the physical and mental health
conditions of the
(4) "Emergency welfare services" means feeding; clothing; lodging in private and
congregate facilities; registration; locating and reuniting families; care of
unaccompanied children, the aged, the handicapped, and other groups needing
specialized care or services; necessary financial or other assistance;
counseling and referral services to families and individuals; aid to welfare
institutions under national emergency or post-attack conditions; and all other
feasible welfare aid and services to people in need during a civil defense
emergency. Such measures include organization, direction, and provision of
services to be instituted before attack, in the event of strategic or tactical
evacuation, and after attack in the event of evacuation or of refuge in
(5) "Social security benefits" means the determination of entitlement and the
payment of monthly
benefits to those eligible, such as workers who have retired because of age or
disability and to their dependent wives and children, and to the eligible
survivors of deceased workers. It also includes determinations of eligibility
and payments made on behalf of eligible individuals to hospitals, home health
agencies, extended care facilities, physicians, and other providers of medical
(6) "Credit union operations" means the functions of any credit union, chartered
either by a State or the Federal Government, in stimulating systematic savings
by members, the investment and protection of those savings, providing loans for
credit union members at reasonable rates, and encouraging sound credit and
thrift practices among credit union members.
(7) "Education" or "training" means the organized process of learning by study
and instruction primarily through public and private systems.
SEC. 1103 Health Functions.
With respect to emergency health services, as defined above, and in consonance
with national civil defense plans, programs, and operation of the Department of
Defense under Executive Order No. 10952, the Secretary of Health, Education, and
(1) Professional training. Develop and
direct a nationwide program to train health manpower both in professional and
technical occupational content and in civil defense knowledge and skills.
Develop and distribute health education material for inclusion in the curricula
of schools, colleges, professional schools, government schools, and other
educational facilities throughout the United States. Develop and distribute
civil defense information relative to health services to States, voluntary
agencies, and professional groups.
(2) Emergency public water supply. Prepare plans to assure the provision of
usable water supplies for human consumption and other essential community uses
in an emergency. This shall include inventorying existing community water
supplies, planning for other alternative sources of water for emergency uses,
setting standards relating to human consumption, and planning community
distribution. In carrying on these activities, the Department shall have primary
responsibility but will make maximum use of the resources and competence of
State and local authorities, the Department of the Interior, and other Federal
(3) Radiation. Develop and coordinate programs of radiation measurement and
assessment as may be necessary to carry out the responsibilities involved in the
provision of emergency health services.
(4) Biological and chemical warfare. Develop and coordinate programs for the
prevention, detection, and identification of human exposure to chemical and
biological warfare agents as may be necessary to carry out the responsibilities
involved in the provision of emergency health services, including the provision
of guidance and consultation to Federal, State, and local authorities on
measures for minimizing the effects of biological or chemical warfare.
(5) Food, drugs, and biological. Plan and direct national programs for the
maintenance of purity and safety in the manufacture and distribution of food,
drugs, and biological in an emergency.
(6) Disabled survivors. Prepare national plans for emergency operations of
vocational rehabilitation and related agencies, and for measures and resources
necessary to rehabilitate and make available for employment those disabled
persons among the surviving population.
SEC. 1104 Welfare Functions.
With respect to emergency welfare services as defined above, and in consonance
with national civil defense plans, programs, and operations of the Department of
Defense under Executive Order No. 10952, the Secretary of Health, Education, and
(1) Federal support. Cooperate in the
development of Federal support procedures, through joint planning with other
Departments and agencies, including but not limited to the Post Office
Department, the Department of Labor, and the Selective Service System, the
Department of Housing and Urban Development, and resource agencies, including
the Department of Agriculture, the Department of the Interior, and the
Department of Commerce, for logistic support of State and community welfare
services in an emergency.
(2) Emergency welfare training. Develop and direct a nationwide program to train
emergency welfare manpower for the execution of the functions set forth in this
part, develop welfare educational materials, including self-help program
materials for use with welfare organizations and professional schools, and
develop and distribute civil defense information relative to emergency welfare
services to States, voluntary agencies, and professional groups.
(3) Financial aid. Develop plans and procedures for financial assistance to
individuals injured or in want as a result of enemy attack and for welfare
institutions in need of such assistance in an emergency.
(4) Non-combatant evacuees to the Continental United States. Develop plans and
procedures for assistance, at ports of entry to U.S. personnel evacuated from
overseas areas, their onward movement to final destination, and follow-up
assistance after arrival at final destination.
SEC. 1105 Social Security Functions.
With respect to social security, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
(1) Social security benefits. Develop plans
for the continuation or restoration of benefit payments to those on the
insurance rolls as soon as possible after a direct attack upon the United
States, and prepare plans for the acceptance and disposition of current claims
for social security benefits.
(2) Health insurance. Develop plans for the payment of health insurance claims
for reimbursement for items or services provided by hospitals, physicians, and
other providers of medical services submitted by or on behalf of individuals who
are eligible under the Medicare program.
SEC. 1106 Credit Union Functions.
With respect to credit union functions, the Secretary of Health, Education, and
(1) Credit union operations. Provide
instructions to all State and Federally chartered credit unions for the
development of emergency plans to be put into effect as soon as possible after
an attack upon the United States in order to guarantee continuity of credit
(2) Economic stabilization. Provide guidance to credit unions that will
contribute to stabilization of the Nation's economy by helping to establish and
maintain a sound economic base for combating inflation, maintaining confidence
in public and private financial institutions, and promoting thrift.
SEC. 1107 Education Functions.
With respect to education, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
(1) Program guidance. Develop plans and
issue guidance for the continued function of educational systems under all
conditions of national emergency. Although extraordinary circumstances may
require the temporary suspension of education, plans should provide for its
earliest possible resumption.
(2) Educational adjustment. Plan to assist civilian educational institutions,
both public and private, to adjust to demands laid upon them by a large
expansion of government activities during any type of emergency. This includes
advice and assistance to schools, colleges, universities, and other educational
institutions whose facilities may be temporarily needed for Federal, State, or
local government programs in an emergency or whose faculties and student bodies
may be affected by the demands of a sudden or long-standing emergency.
(3) Post-attack recovery. Develop plans for the rapid restoration and resumption
of education at all levels after an attack. This includes assistance to
educators and educational institutions to locate and use surviving facilities,
equipment, supplies, books, and educational personnel. Particular emphasis shall
be given to the role of educational institutions and educational leadership in
reviving education and training in skills needed for post-attack recovery.
(4) Civil defense education. In consonance with national civil defense plans,
programs, and operations of the Department of Defense, develop and issue
instructional materials to assist schools, colleges, and other educational
institutions to incorporate emergency protective measures and civil defense
concepts into their programs. This includes assistance to various levels of
education to develop an understanding of the role of the individual, family, and
community for civil defense in the nuclear age.
Department of Housing and Urban Development
SECTION 1201 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall prepare national emergency
plans and develop preparedness programs covering all aspects of housing,
community facilities related to housing, and urban development (except that
housing assets under the jurisdiction and control of the Department of Defense,
other than those leased for terms not in excess of one year, shall be and remain
the responsibility of the Department of Defense).
SEC. 1202 Definition. As used in this
(1) "Emergency housing" means any and all
types of accommodations used as dwellings in an emergency.
(2) "Community facilities related to housing" means installations necessary to
furnish water, sewer, electric, and gas services between the housing unit or
project and the nearest practical source or servicing point.
(3) "Urban development" means the building or restoration of urban community,
suburban, and metropolitan areas (except transportation facilities).
SEC. 1203 Housing and
Community Facilities Functions.
The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall:
(1) New housing. Develop plans for the
emergency construction and management of new housing and the community
facilities related thereto to the extent that it is determined that it may be
necessary to provide for such construction and management with public funds and
through direct Federal action, and to the extent that such construction of new
housing may have to be provided through Federal financial or credit assistance.
(2) Community facilities. Develop plans to restore community facilities related
to housing affected by an emergency through the repair of damage, the
construction of new facilities, and the use of alternate or back-up facilities.
SEC. 1204 Urban Development Functions.
The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall:
(1) Regional cooperation. Encourage
regional emergency planning and cooperation among State and local governments
with respect to problems of housing and metropolitan development.
(2) Vulnerability and redevelopment. In cooperation with the Office of
Emergency Preparedness, develop criteria and provide guidance for the design and
location of housing and community facilities related to housing to minimize the
risk of loss under various emergency situations. Develop criteria for
determining which areas should be redeveloped in the event of loss or severe
damage resulting from emergencies.
SEC. 1205 Civil Defense Functions.
In consonance with national civil defense plans, programs, and operations of the
Department of Defense under Executive Order No. 10952, the Secretary of Housing
and Urban Development shall:
(1) Transitional activities. Develop plans
for the orderly transfer of people from fallout shelters and from billets to
temporary or permanent housing, including advice and guidance for State and
local government agencies in the administration thereof. These plans shall be
coordinated with national plans and guidance for emergency welfare services of
the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
(2) Temporary housing. Develop plans for the emergency repair and restoration
for use of damaged housing, for the construction and management of emergency
housing units and the community facilities related thereto, for the emergency
use of tents and trailers, and for the emergency conversion for dwelling use of
non-residential structures, such activities to be financed with public funds
through direct Federal action or through financial or credit assistance.
(3) Shelter. In conformity with national shelter policy assist in the
development of plans to encourage the construction of shelters for both old and
new housing, and develop administrative procedures to encourage the use of
low-cost design and construction techniques to maximize protection in connection
with national programs.
Department of Transportation
SECTION 1301 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Secretary of Transportation, in carrying out his responsibilities to
exercise leadership in transportation matters affecting the national defense and
those involving national or regional transportation emergencies, shall prepare
emergency plans and develop preparedness programs covering:
(1) Preparation and promulgation of over-all
national policies, plans, and procedures related to providing civil
transportation of all forms - air, ground, water, and pipelines, including
public storage and warehousing (except storage of petroleum and gas and
agricultural food resources including cold storage): Provided that plans for the
movement of petroleum and natural gas through pipelines shall be the
responsibility of the Secretary of the Interior except to the extent that such
plans are a part of functions vested in the Secretary of Transportation by law;
(2) Movement of passengers and materials of all types by all forms of civil
(3) Determination of the proper apportionment and allocation for control of the
total civil transportation capacity, or any portion thereof, to meet over-all
essential civil and military needs;
(4) Determination and identification of the transportation resources available
and required to meet all degrees of national emergencies and regional
(5) Assistance to the various States, the local political subdivisions thereof,
and non-governmental organizations and systems engaged in transportation
activities in the preparation of emergency plans;
(6) Rehabilitation and recovery of the Nation's transportation systems; and
(7) Provisions for port security and safety, for aids to maritime navigation,
and for search and rescue and law enforcement over, upon, and under the
navigable waters of the United States and the high seas.
SEC. 1302 Transportation Planning and Coordination
Functions. In carrying out the provisions of Section 1301, the Secretary of
Transportation, with assistance and support of other Federal, State and local
governmental agencies, and the transport industries, as appropriate, shall:
(1) Obtain, assemble, analyze, and evaluate
data on current and projected emergency requirements of all claimants for all
forms of civil transportation to meet the needs of the military and of the civil
economy, and on current and projected civil transportation resources -- of all
forms available to the United States to move passengers or materials in an
(2) Develop plans and procedures to provide - under emergency conditions - for
the collection and analysis of passenger and cargo movement demands as they
relate to the capabilities of the various forms of transport, including the
periodic assessment of over-all transport resources available to meet emergency
(3) Conduct a continuing analysis of transportation requirements and
capabilities in relation to economic projections for the purpose of initiating
actions and/or recommending incentive and/or regulatory programs designed to
stimulate government and industry improvement of the structure of the
transportation system for use in an emergency.
(4) Develop systems for the control of the movement of passengers and cargo by
all forms of transportation, except for those resources owned by, controlled by,
or under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense, including allocation of
resources and assignment of priorities, and develop policies, standards, and
procedures for emergency enforcement of these controls.
SEC. 1303 Departmental Emergency Transportation Preparedness.
Except for those resources owned by, controlled by, or under the jurisdiction of
the Department of Defense, the Secretary of Transportation shall prepare
emergency operational plans and programs for, and develop a capability to carry
out, the transportation operating responsibilities assigned to the Department,
including but not limited to:
(1) Allocating air carrier civil air
transportation capacity and equipment to meet civil and military requirements.
(2) Emergency management, including construction, reconstruction, and
maintenance of the Nation's civil airports, civil aviation operating facilities.
Civil aviation services, and civil aircraft (other than air carrier aircraft),
except manufacturing facilities.
(3) Emergency management of all Federal, State, city, local, and other highways,
roads, streets, bridges, tunnels, and appurtenant structures, including:
(a) The adaptation, development,
construction, reconstruction, and maintenance of the Nation's highway and street
systems to meet emergency requirements;
(b) The protection of the traveling public by assisting State and local
authorities in informing them of the dangers of
hazardous areas; and
(c) The regulation of highway traffic in an emergency through a national program
in cooperation with all Federal, State, and local governmental units or other
(4) Emergency plans for urban mass
(a) Providing guidance to urban communities
in their emergency mass transportation planning efforts, either directly or
through State, regional, or metropolitan agencies;
(b) Coordinating all such emergency planning with the Department of Housing and
Urban Development to assure compatibility with emergency plans for all other
aspects of urban development;
(c) Maintaining an inventory of urban mass transportation systems.
(5) Maritime safety and law enforcement
over, upon, and under the high seas and waters, subject to the jurisdiction of
the United States, in the following specific programs:
(a) Safeguarding vessels, harbors, ports,
and waterfront facilities from destruction, loss or injury, accidents, or other
causes of a similar nature.
(b) Safe passage over, upon, and under the high seas and United States waters
through effective and reliable systems of aids to navigation and ocean stations.
(c) Waterborne access to ice-bound locations in furtherance of national
economic, scientific, defense, and consumer needs.
(d) Protection of lives, property, natural resources, and national interests
through enforcement of Federal law and timely assistance.
(e) Safety of life and property through regulation of commercial vessels, their
officers and crew, and administration of maritime safety law.
(f) Knowledge of the sea, its boundaries, and its resources through collection
and analysis of data in support of the national interest.
(g) Operational readiness for essential wartime functions.
(6) Planning for the emergency management
and operation of the Alaska Railroad, and for the continuity of railroad and
petroleum pipeline safety programs.
(7) Planning for the emergency operation and maintenance of the United
States-controlled sections of the Saint
Atomic Energy Commission
SECTION 1401 Functions.
The Atomic Energy Commission shall prepare national emergency plans and develop
preparedness programs for the continuing conduct of atomic energy activities of
the Federal Government. These plans and programs shall be designed to develop a
state of readiness in these areas with respect to all conditions of national
emergency, including attack upon the United States and, consistent with
applicable provisions of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, shall be
closely coordinated with the Department of Defense and the Office of Emergency
Preparedness. The Atomic Energy Commission shall:
(1) Production. Continue or resume in an
(a) manufacture, development, and control of
nuclear weapons and equipment, except to the extent that the control over such
weapons and equipment shall have been transferred to the Department of Defense;
(b) development and technology related to reactors;
(c) process development and production of feed material, special nuclear
materials, and other special products;
(d) related raw materials procurement, processing, and development; and (e)
repair, maintenance, and construction related to the above.
(2) Regulation. Continue or resume in an
(a) controlling the possession, use,
transfer, import, and export of atomic materials and facilities; and
(b) ordering the operation or suspension of licensed facilities, and recapturing
from licensees, where necessary, special nuclear materials whether related to
military support or civilian activities.
(3) Public health and safety. Shut down,
where required, in anticipation of an imminent enemy attack on the United
States, and maintain under surveillance, all Commission- owned facilities which
could otherwise constitute a significant hazard to public health and safety, and
insure the development of appropriate emergency plans for nuclear reactors and
other nuclear activities licensed by the Commission whether privately-owned or
(4) Scientific, technical, and public atomic energy information. Organize,
reproduce, and disseminate appropriate public atomic energy information and
scientific and technical reports and data relating to nuclear science research,
development, engineering, applications, and effects to interested Government
agencies, the scientific and technical communities, and approved, friendly, and
cooperating foreign nations.
(5) International atomic energy affairs. Maintain, in consultation with the
Department of State, essential liaison with foreign nations with respect to
activities of mutual interest involving atomic energy.
(6) Health services. Assist the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,
consistent with the above requirements, in integrating into civilian health
programs in an emergency the Commission's remaining health manpower and
facilities not required for the performance of the Commission's essential
(7) Priorities and allocations. Plan for the administration of any priorities
and allocations authority delegated to the Atomic Energy Commission. Authorize
procurement and production schedules and make allotments of controlled materials
pursuant to program determinations of the Office of Emergency Preparedness.
Civil Aeronautics Board
SECTION 1501 Definitions.
As used in this part:
(1) "War Air Service Program" (hereinafter
referred to as WASP) means the program designed to provide for the maintenance
of essential civil air routes and services, and to provide for the distribution
and redistribution of air carrier aircraft among civil air transport carriers
after withdrawal of aircraft allocated to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
(2) "Civil Reserve Air Fleet" (hereinafter referred to as CRAF) means those air
carrier aircraft allocated by the Secretary of Transportation to the Department
of Defense to meet essential military needs in the event of an emergency.
SEC. 1502 Functions.
The Civil Aeronautics Board, under the coordinating authority of the Secretary
of Transportation, shall:
(1) Distribution of aircraft. Develop plans
and be prepared to carry out such distribution and redistribution of all air
carriers civil aircraft allocated by the Secretary of Transportation among the
civil air transport carriers as may be necessary to assure the maintenance of
essential civil routes and services under WASP operations after the CRAF
requirements have been met.
(2) Economic regulations. Develop plans covering route authorizations and
operations, tariffs, rates, and fares charged the public, mail rates, government
compensation and subsidy, and accounting and contracting procedures essential to
(3) Operational controls and priorities. Develop plans and procedures for the
administration of operational controls and priorities of passenger and cargo
movements in connection with the utilization of air carrier aircraft for WASP
purposes in an emergency.
(4) Investigation. Maintain the capability to investigate violations of
emergency economic regulations affecting air carrier operations.
(5) Contracting. Prepare to perform as a contracting agency, if such an agency
is necessary, in connection with distribution and redistribution of aircraft for
Export-Import Bank of the
SECTION 1601 Functions.
(a) Under guidance of the Secretary of the
Treasury, the Export-Import Bank shall develop plans for the utilization of the
resources of the Bank, or other resources made available to the Bank, in
expansion of productive capacity abroad for essential materials, foreign barter
arrangements, acquisition of emergency imports, and in support of the domestic
economy, or any other plans designed to strengthen the relative position of the
Nation and its allies.
(b) In carrying out the guidance functions described above, the Secretary of the
Treasury shall consult with the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Commerce
Federal Bank Supervisory Agencies
SECTION 1701 Financial Plans and
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller of the
Currency, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, the Farm Credit Administration, and
the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall participate with the Office of
Emergency Preparedness, the Department of the Treasury, and other agencies in
the formulation of emergency financial and stabilization policies. The heads of
such agencies shall, as appropriate, develop emergency plans, programs, and
regulations, in consonance with national emergency financial and stabilization
plans and policies, to cope with potential economic effects of mobilization or
an attack, including, but not limited to, the following:
(1) Money and credit. Provision and
regulation of money and credit in accordance with the needs of the economy,
including the acquisition, decentralization, and distribution of emergency
supplies of currency; the collection of cash items and non-cash items; and the
conduct of fiscal agency and foreign operations.
(2) Financial institutions. Provision for the continued or resumed operation of
banking, savings and loan, and farm credit institutions, including measures for
the re-creation of evidence of assets or liabilities destroyed or inaccessible.
(3) Liquidity. Provision of liquidity necessary to the continued or resumed
operation of banking, savings and loan, credit unions, and farm credit
institutions, including those damaged or destroyed by enemy action.
(4) Cash withdrawals and credit transfers. Regulation of the withdrawal of
currency and the transfer of credits including deposit and share account
(5) Insurance. Provision for the assumption and discharge of liability
pertaining to insured deposits and insured savings accounts or withdrawable
shares in banking and savings and loan institutions destroyed or made insolvent.
SEC. 1702 Sharing of war losses.
Heads of agencies shall, as appropriate, participate with the Office of
Emergency Preparedness and the Department of the Treasury in the development of
policies, plans, and procedures for implementation of national policy on sharing
Federal Communications Commission
SECTION 1801 Definitions.
As used in this part:
(1) "Common carrier" means any person
subject to Commission regulation engaged in providing for use by the public, for
hire, interstate or foreign communications facilities or services by wire or
radio; but a person engaged in radio broadcasting shall not, insofar as such
person is so engaged, be deemed a common carrier.
(2) "Broadcast facilities" means those stations licensed by the Commission for
the dissemination of radio communications intended to be received by the public
directly or by the intermediary of relay stations.
(3) "Safety and special radio services" includes those non-broadcast and
non-common carrier services which are licensed by the Commission under the
generic designation "safety and special radio services" pursuant to the
Commission's Rules and Regulations.
SEC. 1802 Functions.
The Federal Communications Commission shall develop policies, plans, and
procedures, in consonance with national telecommunications plans and policies
developed pursuant to Executive Order No. 10705, Executive Order No. 10995,
Executive Order No. 11051, the Presidential Memorandum of August 21, 1963,
"Establishment of the National Communications System", and other appropriate
(1) Common carrier service.
(a) Extension, discontinuance, or reduction
of common carrier facilities or services, and issuance of appropriate
authorizations for such facilities, services, and personnel in an emergency; and
control of all rates, charges, practices, classifications, and regulations for
service to Government and non-Government users during an emergency, in
consonance with overall national economic stabilization policies.
(b) Development and administration of priority systems for public correspondence
and for the use and resumption of leased inter-city private line service in an
(c) Use of common carrier facilities and services to overseas points to meet
vital needs in an emergency.
(2) Broadcasting service. Construction,
activation, or deactivation of broadcasting facilities and services, the
continuation or suspension of broadcasting services and facilities, and issuance
of appropriate authorizations for such facilities, services, and personnel in an
(3) Safety and special radio services. Authorization, operation, and use of
safety and special radio services, facilities, and personnel in the national
interest in an emergency.
(4) Radio frequency assignment. Assignment of radio frequencies to, and their
use by, Commission licensees in an emergency.
(5) Electromagnetic radiation. Closing of any radio station or any device
capable of emitting electro-magnetic radiation or suspension or amending any
rules or regulations applicable thereto, in any emergency, except for those
belonging to, or operated by, any department or agency of the United States
(6) Investigation and enforcement. Investigation of violations of pertinent law
and regulations in an emergency, and development of procedures designated to
initiate, recommend, or otherwise bring about appropriate enforcement actions
required in the interest of national security.
Federal Power Commission
SECTION 1901 Functions.
The Federal Power Commission shall assist the Department of the Interior, in
conformity with Part 7, in the preparation of national emergency plans and the
development of preparedness programs for electric power and natural gas in the
areas as set forth in the Memorandum of Agreement dated August 9, 1962, between
the Secretary of the Interior and the Chairman of the Federal Power Commission.
General Services Administration
SECTION 2001 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Administrator of General Services shall prepare national emergency plans and
develop preparedness programs designed to permit modification or expansion of
the activities of the General Services Administration under the Federal Property
and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended and other statutes
prescribing the duties and responsibilities of the Administrator. These plans
and programs shall include, but not be limited to:
(1) operation, maintenance, and protection
of Federal buildings and their sites; construction, alteration, and repair of
public buildings; and acquisition; utilization, and disposal of real and
(2) public utilities service management for Federal agencies;
(3) telecommunications to meet the essential requirements of civilian activities
of executive departments and agencies;
(4) transportation management to meet the traffic service requirements of
civilian activities of Federal agencies;
(5) records management;
(6) Emergency Federal Register;
(7) Government-wide supply support;
(8) service to survival items stockpiles;
(9) national industrial reserve;
(10) guidance and consultation to Government agencies regarding facilities
(11) administration of assigned functions under the Defense Production Act; and
(12) administration and operation of the stockpile of strategic and critical
materials in accordance with policies and guidance furnished by the Office of
SEC. 2002 Functions.
The Administrator of General Services shall:
(1) Public buildings. Develop emergency
plans and procedures for the operation, maintenance, and protection of existing
and new Federally-owned and Federally-occupied buildings, and construction,
alteration, and repair of public buildings. Develop emergency operating
procedures for the control, acquisition, assignment, and priority of occupancy
of real property by the Federal Government and by State and local governments to
the extent they may be performing functions as agents of the Federal Government.
(2) Public utility service management. Develop emergency operational plans and
procedures for the claimancy, procurement, and use of public utility services
for emergency activities of executive agencies of the Government.
(3) Communications. Plan for and provide, operate, and maintain appropriate
telecommunications facilities designed to meet the essential requirements of
Federal civilian departments and agencies during an emergency within the
framework of the National Communications System. Plans and programs of the
Administrator shall be in consonance with national telecommunications policies,
plans, and programs developed pursuant to Executive Order No. 10705, Executive
Order No. 10995, Executive Order No. 11051, and the Presidential Memorandum of
August 21, 1963, "Establishment of the National Communications System," or other
(4) Transportation. Develop plans and procedures for providing:
(a) general transportation and traffic
management services to civilian activities of Federal agencies in connection
with movement of property and supplies, including the claimancy, contracting,
routing, and accounting of Government shipments by commercial transportation in
time of emergency; and
(b) motor vehicle service to meet the administrative needs of Federal agencies,
including dispatch and scheduled Government motor service at and between
headquarters, field offices, relocation sites, and other installations of the
Federal and State governments.
(5) Records. Provide instructions and advice
on appraisal, selection, preservation, arrangement, reference, reproduction,
storage, and salvage of essential records needed for the operation of the
Federal Government after attack, on an emergency basis, including a
(6) Federal Register. Develop emergency procedures for providing and making
available, on a decentralized basis, a Federal Register of Presidential
Proclamations and Executive Orders, Federal administrative regulations, Federal
emergency notices and actions, and Acts of Congress during a national emergency.
(7) Government-wide procurement and supply. Prepare plans and procedures for the
coordination and/or operation of Government-wide supply programs to meet the
requirements of Federal agencies under emergency conditions, including the
development of policies, methods, and procedures for emergency procurement and
for emergency requisitioning of private property when authorized by law and
competent authority; identification of essential civil agency supply items under
the Federal catalog system; development of emergency Federal specifications and
standards; determination of sources of supply; procurement of personal property
and non-personal services; furnishing appropriate inspection and contract
administration services; and establishment, coordination, and/or operation of
emergency storage and distribution facilities.
(8) Survival item stockpiles. Assist the Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare, insofar as civil defense medical stockpile items under its jurisdiction
are concerned, and the Department of Defense, insofar as survival items under
its jurisdiction are concerned, in formulating plans and programs for service
activity support relating to stockpiling of such supplies and equipment. The
Administrator shall arrange for the procurement, storage, maintenance,
inspection, survey, withdrawal, and disposal of supplies and equipment in
accordance with the provisions of interagency agreements with the departments
(9) National industrial reserve and machine tool program. Develop plans for the
custody of the industrial plants and production equipment in the national
industrial reserve and assist the Department of Defense, in collaboration with
the Department of Commerce, in the development of plans and procedures for the
disposition, emergency reactivation, and utilization of the plants and equipment
of this reserve in the custody of the Administrator.
(10) Excess and surplus real and personal property. Develop plans and emergency
operating procedures for the utilization of excess and surplus real and personal
property by Federal Government agencies with emergency assignments or by State
and local governmental units as directed, including review of the property
holdings of Federal agencies which do not possess emergency functions to
determine the availability of property for emergency use, and including the
disposal of real and personal property and the rehabilitation of personal
(11) Facilities protection and building and shelter manager service. In
accordance with the guidance from the Department of Defense, promote, with
respect to Federal buildings and installations, a Government-wide program
(a) to stimulate protection, preparedness,
and control in emergencies in order to minimize the effects of overt or covert
attack, including dispersal of facilities; and
(b) to establish shelter manager organizations, including safety and service
personnel, shelter manager service, first aid, police, and evacuation service.
SEC. 2003 Defense Production.
Tile Administrator of General Services shall assist the Office of Emergency
Preparedness in the formulation of plans and programs relating to the
certification of procurement programs, subsidy payments, and plant improvement
programs provided for by the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended.
SEC. 2004 Strategic and Critical
The Administrator of General Services shall assist the Office of Emergency
Preparedness in formulating plans, programs, and reports relating to the
stockpiling of strategic and critical materials. Within these plans and
programs, the Administrator shall provide for the procurement (for this purpose,
procurement includes upgrading, rotation, and beneficiation), storage, security,
maintenance, inspection, withdrawal, and disposal of materials, supplies, and
Interstate Commerce Commission
SECTION 2101 Resume of Responsibilities.
The Chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission, under the coordinating
authority of the Secretary of Transportation, shall prepare national emergency
plans and develop preparedness programs covering railroad utilization, reduction
of vulnerability, maintenance, restoration, and operation in an emergency (other
than for the Alaska Railroad - see Section 1303(6)); motor carrier utilization,
reduction of vulnerability, and operation in an emergency; inland waterway
utilization of equipment and shipping, reduction of vulnerability, and operation
in an emergency; and also provide guidance and consultation to domestic surface
transportation and storage industries, as defined below, regarding emergency
preparedness measures, and to States regarding development of their
transportation plans in assigned areas.
SEC. 2102 Definitions.
As used in this part:
(1) "Domestic surface transportation and
storage" means rail, motor, and inland water transportation facilities and
services and public storage;
(2) "Public storage" includes warehouses and other places which are used for the
storage of property belonging to persons other than the persons having the
ownership or control of such premises;
(3) "Inland water transportation" includes shipping on all inland waterways and
Great Lakes shipping engaged solely in the transportation of passengers or cargo
between United States ports on the Great Lakes;
(4) Specifically excluded, for the purposes of this part, are pipelines,
petroleum and gas storage, agricultural food resources storage, including the
cold storage of food resources, the St. Lawrence Seaway, ocean ports and Great
Lakes ports and port facilities, highways, streets, roads, bridges, and related
appurtenances, maintenance of inland waterways, and any transportation owned by
or pre-allocated to the military.
SEC. 2103 Transportation Functions.
The Interstate Commerce Commission shall:
(1) Operational control. Develop plans with
appropriate private transportation and storage organizations and associations
for the coordination and direction of the use of domestic surface transportation
and storage facilities for movement of passenger and freight traffic.
(2) Emergency operations. Develop and maintain necessary orders and regulations
for the operation of domestic surface transport and storage industries in an
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
SECTION 2201 Functions.
The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration shall:
(1) Research and development. Adapt and
utilize the scientific and technological capability of the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration, consistent with over-all requirements to meet priority
needs of the programs of the Federal Government in an emergency. This will
include the direction and conduct of essential research and development
activities relating to
(a) aircraft, spacecraft, and launch
(b) associated instrumentation, guidance, control and payload, propulsion, and
(c) scientific phenomena affecting both manned and unmanned space flights,
(d) the life sciences (biology, medicine, and psychology) as they apply to
aeronautics and space, and
(e) atmospheric and geophysical sciences.
(2) Military support. Provide direct
assistance as requested by the Department of Defense and other agencies in
support of the military effort. This may include
(a) undertaking urgent projects to develop
superior aircraft, spacecraft, launch vehicles, and weapons systems,
(b) developing methods to counter novel or revolutionary enemy weapons systems.
(c) providing technical advice and assistance on matters involving air and space
(d) furnishing personnel and facilities to assist in emergency repairs of
equipment deficiencies and for other essential purposes.
National Science Foundation
SECTION 2301 Functions.
The Director of the National Science Foundation shall:
(1) Manpower functions. Assist the
Department of Labor in sustaining readiness for the mobilization of civilian
(a) maintaining the Foundation's register of
scientific and technical personnel in such form and at such locations as will
assure maximum usefulness in an emergency;
(b) being prepared for rapid expansion of the Foundation's current operation as
a central clearing house for information covering all scientific and technical
personnel in the United States and its possessions; and
(c) developing, in consultation with the Department of Labor, the Selective
Service System, the Department of Defense, and the Office of Science and
Technology, plans and procedures to assure the most effective distribution and
utilization of the Nation's scientific and engineering manpower in an emergency.
(2) Special functions.
(a) Provide leadership in developing, with
the assistance of Federal and State agencies and appropriate non-governmental
organizations, the ability to mobilize scientists, in consonance with over-all
civilian manpower mobilization programs, to perform or assist in performance of
special tasks, including the identification of and defense against
(b) advance the national radiological defense capability by including, in
consultation with appropriate agencies, pertinent scientific information and
radiological defense techniques in the Foundation's scientific institute program
for science, mathematics, and engineering teachers;
(c) assemble data on the location and character of major scientific research
facilities, including non-governmental as well as government facilities, and
their normal inventories of types of equipment and instruments which would be
useful in identification and analysis of hazards to human life in the aftermath
of enemy attack; and
(d) prepare to carry on necessary programs for basic research and for training
of scientific manpower.
Railroad Retirement Board
SECTION 2401 Functions. The Railroad
Retirement Board shall:
(1) Manpower functions. Within the
framework of the over-all manpower plans and programs of the Department of
Labor, assist in the mobilization of civilian manpower in an emergency by
developing plans for the recruitment and referral of that segment of the
Nation's manpower recources subject to the Railroad Retirement and Railroad
Unemployment Insurance Acts.
(2) Benefit payments. Develop plans for administering, under emergency
conditions, the essential aspects of the Railroad Retirement Act and Railroad
Unemployment Insurance Act consistent with overall Federal plans for the
continuation of benefit payments after an enemy attack.
Securities and Exchange Commission
SECTION 2501 Functions.
The Securities and Exchange Commission shall collaborate with the Secretary of
the Treasury in the development of emergency financial control plans, programs,
procedures, and regulations for:
(1) Stock trading. Temporary closure of
security exchanges, suspension of redemption rights, and freezing of stock and
bond prices, if required in the interest of maintaining economic controls.
(2) Modified trading. Development of plans designed to reestablish and maintain
a stable and orderly market for securities when the situation permits under
(3) Protection of securities. Provision of a national records system which will
make it possible to establish current ownership of securities in the event major
trading centers and depositories are destroyed.
(4) Flow of capital. The control of the formation and flow of private capital as
it relates to new securities offerings or expansion of prior offerings for the
purpose of establishing or reestablishing industries in relation to the Nation's
needs in or following a national emergency.
(5) Flight of capital. The prevention of the flight of capital outside this
country, in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce, and the impounding of
securities in the hands of enemy aliens.
Small Business Administration
SECTION 2601 Functions.
The Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall:
(1) Prime contract authority. Develop plans
to administer a program for the acquisition of prime contracts by the
Administration and, in turn, for negotiating or otherwise letting of
subcontracts to capable small business concerns in an emergency.
(2) Resource information. Provide data on facilities, inventories, and potential
production capacity of small business concerns to all interested agencies.
(3) Procurement. Develop plans to determine jointly with Federal procurement
agencies, as appropriate, which defense contracts are to go to small business
concerns and to certify to the productive and financial ability of small
concerns to perform specific contracts, as required.
(4) Loans for plant modernization. Develop plans for providing emergency
assistance to essential individual industrial establishments through direct
loans or participation loans for the financing of production facilities and
(5) Resource pools. Develop plans for encouraging and approving small business
defense production and research and development pools.
(6) Financial assistance. Develop plans to make loans, directly or in
participation with private lending institutions, to small business concerns and
to groups or pools of such concerns, to small business investment companies, and
to State and local development companies to provide them with funds for lending
to small business concerns, for defense and essential civilian purposes.
Tennessee Valley Authority
SECTION 2701 Functions.
The Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority shall:
(1).Electric power. Assist the Department of
the Interior in the development of plans for the integration of the Tennessee
Valley Authority power system into national emergency programs and prepare plans
for the emergency management, operation, and maintenance of the system and for
its essential expansion.
(2) Waterways. Assist the Interstate Commerce Commission, under the coordinating
authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in the development of plans for
integration and control of inland waterway transportation systems and, in
cooperation with the Department of Defense and the Department of the Interior,
prepare plans for the management, operation, and maintenance of the river
control system in the Tennessee River and certain of its tributaries for
navigation during an emergency.
(3) Flood control. Develop plans and maintain its river control operations for
the prevention or control of floods caused by natural phenomena or overt and
covert attack affecting the Tennessee River System and, in so doing, collaborate
with the Department of Defense with respect to the control of water in the lower
Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.
(4) Emergency health services and sanitary water supplies. Assist the Department
of Health, Education, and Welfare in the development of plans and programs
covering emergency health services, civilian health manpower, and health re-
sources in the Tennessee Valley Authority area and, in collaboration with the
Department of the Interior and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare,
prepare plans for the management, operation. and maintenance of the Tennessee
River System consistent with the needs for sanitary public water supplies, waste
disposal, and vector control.
(5) Coordination of water use. Develop plans for deter- mining or proposing
priorities for the use of water by the Tennessee Valley Authority in the event
of conflicting claims arising from the functions listed above.
(6) Fertilizer. Assist the Department of Agriculture in the development of plans
for the distribution and claimancy of fertilizer; assist the Department of
Commerce and the Department of Defense in the development of Tennessee Valley
Authority production quotas and any essential expansion of production
facilities, and prepare plans for the management, operation, and maintenance of
its facilities for the manufacture of nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizers.
(7) Munitions production. Perform chemical research in munitions as requested by
the Department of Defense, maintain standby munitions production facilities, and
develop plans for converting and utilizing fertilizer facilities as required in
support of the Department of Defense's munitions program.
(8) Land management. Develop plans for the maintenance, management, and
utilization of Tennessee Valley Authority-controlled lands in the interest of an
(9) Food and forestry. Assist the Department of Agriculture in the development
of plans for the harvesting and processing of fish and game, and the Department
of Commerce in the development of plans for the production and processing of
(10) Coordination with Valley States. Prepare plans and agreements with
Tennessee Valley States, consistent with Federal programs, for appropriate
integration of Tennessee Valley Authority and State plans for the use of
available Tennessee Valley Authority resources.
United States Civil Service
SECTION 2801 Functions.
The United States Civil Service Commission shall:
(1) Personnel system. Prepare plans for
adjusting the Federal civilian personnel system to simplify administration and
to meet emergency demands.
(2) Utilization. Develop policies and implementing procedures designed to assist
Federal agencies in achieving the most effective utilization of the Federal
Government's civilian manpower in an emergency.
(3) Manpower policies. As the representative of the Federal Government as an
employer, participate, as appropriate, in the formulation of national and
regional manpower policies as they affect Federal civilian personnel and
establish implementing policies as necessary.
(4) Manpower administration. Prepare plans, in consonance with national manpower
policies and programs, for the administration of emergency civilian manpower and
employment policies within the executive branch of the Government, including the
issuance and enforcement of regulations to implement such policies.
(5) Wage and salary stabilization. Participate, as appropriate, with the Office
of Emergency Preparedness and the Department of Labor in the formulation of
national and regional wage and salary stabilization policies as they affect
Federal civilian personnel. Within the framework of such policies, prepare plans
for the implementation of such policies and controls established for employees
within the executive branch of the Government, including the issuance and
enforcement of necessary regulations.
(6) Assistance. Develop plans for rendering personnel management and staffing
assistance to new and expanding Federal agencies.
(7) Recruiting. Develop plans for the coordination and control of civilian
recruiting policies and practices by all Federal agencies in order to increase
the effectiveness of the total recruitment efforts during an emergency and to
prevent undesirable recruitment practices.
(8) Reassignment. Develop plans to facilitate the reassignment or transfer of
Federal civilian employees, including the movement of employees from one agency
or location to another agency or location, in order to meet the most urgent
needs of the executive branch during an emergency.
(9) Registration. Develop plans and procedures for a nationwide system of
post-attack registration of Federal employees to provide a means for locating
and returning to duty those employees who become physically separated from their
agencies after an enemy attack, and to provide for the maximum utilization of
the skills of surviving employees.
(10) Deferment. Develop plans and procedures for a system to control Government
requests for the selective service deferment of employees in the executive
branch of the Federal Government and in the municipal government of the District
(11) Investigation. Prepare plans, in coordination with agencies having
responsibilities in the personnel security field, for the conduct of national
agency checks and inquiries, limited suitability investigations, and full field
investigations under emergency conditions.
(12) Salaries, wages, and benefits. Develop plans for operating under emergency
conditions the essential aspects of salary and wage systems and such benefit
systems as the Federal Employees Retirement System, the Federal Employees Group
Life Insurance Program, the Federal Employees and Retired Federal Employees
Health Benefits Programs, and the Federal Employees Compensation Pro- gram.
(13) Federal manpower mobilization. Assist Federal agencies in establishing
manpower plans to meet their own emergency manpower requirements; identify major
or special manpower problems of individual Federal agencies and the Federal
Government as a whole in mobilizing a civilian work force to meet essential
emergency requirements; identify sources of emergency manpower supply for all
agencies where manpower problems are indicated; and develop Government-wide
plans for the use of surplus Federal civilian manpower.
(14) Distribution of manpower. Participate in the formulation of policies and
decisions on the distribution of the nation's civilian manpower resources,
obtain appropriate civilian manpower data from Federal agencies, and establish
necessary implementing policies and procedures within the Executive Branch.
(15) Training. Develop, organize, and conduct, as appropriate, interagency
training programs in emergency personnel management for Federal employees.
SECTION 2901 Functions.
The Administrator of Veterans Affairs shall develop policies, plans, and
procedures for the performance of emergency functions with respect to the
continuation or restoration of authorized programs of the Veterans
Administration under all conditions of national emergency, including attack upon
the United States. These include:
(1) The emergency conduct of inpatient and
outpatient care and treatment in Veterans Administration medical facilities and
participation with the Departments of Defense and Health, Education, and Welfare
as provided for in interagency agreements.
(2) The emergency conduct of compensation, pension, rehabilitation, education,
and insurance payments consistent with over-all Federal plans for the
continuation of Federal benefit payments.
(3) The emergency performance of insurance and loan guaranty functions in
accordance with indirect stabilization policies and controls designed to deal
with various emergency conditions.
SECTION 3001 Resource Management.
In consonance with the national preparedness, security, and mobilization
readiness plans, programs, and operations of the Office of Emergency
Preparedness under Executive Order No. 11051 of September 27, 1962, and subject
to the provisions of the preceding parts, the head of each department and agency
(1) Priorities and allocations. Develop
systems for the emergency application of priorities and allocations to the
production, distribution, and use of resources for which he has been assigned
(2) Requirements. Assemble, develop as appropriate, and evaluate requirements
for assigned resources, taking into account estimated needs for military, atomic
energy, civilian, and foreign purposes. Such evaluation shall take into
consideration geographical distribution of requirements under emergency
(3) Evaluation. Assess assigned resources in order to estimate availability from
all sources under an emergency situation, analyze resource availabilities in
relation to estimated requirements, and develop appropriate recommendations and
programs, including those necessary for the maintenance of an adequate
mobilization base. Provide data and assistance before and after attack for
national resource analysis purposes of the Office of Emergency Preparedness.
(4) Claimancy. Prepare plans to claim from the appropriate agency supporting
materials, manpower, equipment, supplies, and services which would be needed to
carry out assigned responsibilities and other essential functions of his
department or agency, and cooperate with other agencies in developing programs
to insure availability of such resources in an emergency.
SEC. 3002 Facilities protection and warfare effects monitoring and
In consonance with the national preparedness, security, and mobilization
readiness plans, programs, and operations of the Office of Emergency
Preparedness under Executive Order No. 11051, and with the national civil
defense plans, programs, and operations of the Department of Defense under
Executive Order No. 10952, the head of each department and agency shall:
(1) Facilities protection. Provide
facilities protection guidance material adapted to the needs of the facilities
and services concerned and promote a national program to stimulate disaster
preparedness and control in order to minimize the effects of overt and covert
attack on facilities or other resources for which he has management
responsibility. Guidance shall include, but not be limited to, organization and
training of facility employees, personnel shelter, evacuation plans, records
protection, continuity of management, emergency repair, dispersal of facilities,
and mutual aid associations for an emergency.
(2) Warfare effects monitoring and reporting. Maintain a capability, both at
national and field levels, to estimate the effects of attack on assigned
resources and to collaborate with and provide data to the Office of Emergency
Prepared- ness, the Department of Defense, and other agencies, as appropriate,
in verifying and updating estimates of resource status through exchanges of data
and mutual assistance, and provide for the detection, identification, monitoring
and reporting of such warfare effects at selected facilities under his operation
(3) Salvage and rehabilitation. Develop plans for salvage, decontamination, and
rehabilitation of facilities involving resources under his jurisdiction.
(4) Shelter. In conformity with national shelter policy, where authorized to
engage in building construction, plan, design, and construct such buildings to
protect the public to the maximum extent feasible against the hazards that could
result from an attack upon the United States with nuclear weapons; and where
empowered to extend Federal financial assistance, encourage recipients of such
financial assistance to use standards for planning design and construction which
will maximize protection for the public.
SEC. 3003 Critical skills and occupations.
(a) The Secretaries of Defense, Commerce,
and Labor shall carry out the mandate of the National Security Council, dated
February 15, 1968, to "maintain a continuing surveillance over the Nation's
manpower needs and identify any particular occupation or skill that may warrant
qualifying for deferment on a uniform national basis." In addition, the
Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, Labor, and Health, Education, and Welfare
shall carry out the mandate of the National Security Council to "maintain a
continuing surveillance over the Nation's manpower and education needs to
identify any area of graduate study that may warrant qualifying for deferment in
the national interest." In carrying out these functions, the Secretaries
concerned shall consult with the National Science Foundation with respect to
scientific manpower requirements.
(b) The Secretaries of Commerce and Labor shall maintain and issue, as
necessary, lists of all essential activities and critical occupations that may
be required for emergency preparedness purposes.
SEC. 3004 Research.
Within the framework of research policies and objectives established by the
Office of Emergency Preparedness, the head of each department and agency shall
supervise or conduct research in areas directly concerned with carrying out
emergency preparedness responsibilities, designate representatives for necessary
ad hoc or task force groups, and provide advice and assistance to other agencies
in planning for research in areas involving each agency's interest.
SEC. 3005 Stockpiles.
The head of each department and agency, with appropriate emergency
responsibilities, shall assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in
formulating and carrying out plans for stockpiling of strategic and critical
materials, and survival items.
SEC. 3006 Direct Economic Controls.
The head of each department and agency shall cooperate with the Office of
Emergency Preparedness and the Federal financial agencies in the development of
emergency preparedness measures involving emergency financial and credit
measures, as well as price, rent, wage and salary stabilization, and consumer
SEC. 3007 Financial Aid.
The head of each department and agency shall develop plans and procedures in
cooperation with the Federal financial agencies for financial and credit
assistance to those segments of the private sector for which he is responsible
in the event such assistance is needed under emergency conditions.
SEC. 3008 Functional Guidance.
The head of each department and agency in carrying out the functions assigned to
him by this order, shall be guided by the following:
(1) National program guidance. In consonance
with the national preparedness, security, and mobilization readiness plans,
programs, and operations of the Office of Emergency Preparedness under Executive
Order No. 11051, and with the national civil defense plans, programs, and
operations of the Department of Defense, technical guidance shall be provided to
State and local governments and instrumentalities thereof, to the end that all
planning concerned with functions assigned herein will be effectively
coordinated. Relations with the appropriate segment of the private sector shall
be maintained to foster mutual understanding of Federal emergency plans.
(2) Interagency coordination. Emergency preparedness functions shall be
coordinated by the head of the department or agency having primary
responsibility with all other departments and agencies having supporting
functions related thereto.
(3) Emergency preparedness.
Emergency plans, programs, and an appropriate state of readiness, including
organizational readiness, shall be developed as an integral part of the
continuing activities of each department or agency on the basis that that
department or agency will have the responsibility for carrying out such plans
and programs during an emergency. The head of each department or agency shall be
prepared to implement all appropriate plans developed under this order.
Modifications and temporary organizational changes, based on emergency
conditions, shall be in accordance with policy determinations by the President.
(4) Professional liaison. Mutual understanding and support of emergency
preparedness activities shall be fostered, and the National Defense Executive
Reserve shall be promoted by maintaining relations with the appropriate
SEC. 3009 Training.
The head of each department and agency shall develop and direct training
programs which incorporate emergency preparedness and civil defense training and
information programs necessary to insure the optimum operational effectiveness
of assigned resources, systems, and facilities.
SEC. 3010 Emergency Public Information.
In consonance with such emergency public information plans and central program
decisions of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, and with plans, programs, and
procedures established by the Department of Defense to provide continuity of
programming for the Emergency Broadcast System, the head of each department and
(1) Obtain and provide information as to the
emergency functions or assignments of the individual department or agency for
dissemination to the American people during the emergency, in accordance with
arrangements made by the Office of Emergency Preparedness.
(2) Determine requirements and arrange for prerecordings to provide continuity
of program service over the Emergency Broadcast System so that the American
people can receive information, advice, and guidance pertaining to the
implementation of the civil defense and emergency preparedness plans or
assignments of each individual department or agency.
SEC. 3011 Emergency Actions.
This order does not confer authority to put into effect any emergency plan,
procedure, policy, program, or course of action prepared or developed pursuant
to this order. Plans so developed may be effectuated only in the event that
authority for such effectuation is provided by a law enacted by the Congress or
by an order or directive issued by the President pursuant to statutes or the
Constitution of the United States.
SEC. 3012 Redelegation.
The head of each department and agency is hereby authorized to redelegate the
functions assigned to him by this order, and to authorize successive
redelegations to agencies or instrumentalities of the United States, and to
officers and employees of the United States.
SEC. 3013 Transfer of Functions.
Any emergency preparedness function under this order, or parts thereof, may be
transferred from one department or agency to another with the consent of the
heads of the organizations involved and with the concurrence of the Director of
the Office of Emergency Preparedness. Any new emergency preparedness function
may be assigned to the head of a department or agency by the Director of the
Office of Emergency Prepared- ness by mutual consent.
SEC. 3014 Retention of Existing
Except as provided by Section 3015, nothing in this order shall be deemed to
derogate from any now existing assignment of functions to any department or
agency or officer thereof made by statute, Executive order, or Presidential
directives, including Memoranda.
SEC. 3015 Revoked Orders.
The following are hereby revoked:
(1) Defense Mobilization Order VI-2 of December 11, 1953.
(2) Defense Mobilization Order 1-12 of October 5, 1954.
(3) Executive Order No. 10312 of December 10, 1951.
(4) Executive Order No. 10346 of April 17, 1952.
(5) Executive Order No. 10997 of February 16, 1962.
(6) Executive Order No. 10998 of February 16, 1962.
(7) Executive Order No. 10999 of February 16, 1962.
(8) Executive Order No. 11000 of February 16, 1962.
(9) Executive Order No. 11001 of February 16, 1962.
(10) Executive Order No. 11002 of February 16, 1962.
(11) Executive Order No. 11003 of February 16, 1962.
(12) Executive Order No. 11004 of February 16, 1962.
(13) Executive Order No. 11005 of February 16, 1962.
(14) Executive Order No. 11087 of February 26, 1963.
(15) Executive Order No. 11088 of February 26, 1963.
(16) Executive Order No. 11089 of February 26, 1963.
(17) Executive Order No. 11090 of February 26, 1963.
(18) Executive Order No. 11091 of February 26, 1963.
(19) Executive Order No. 11092 of February 26, 1963.
(20) Executive Order No. 11093 of February 26, 1963.
(21) Executive Order No. 11094 of February 26, 1963.
(22) Executive Order No. 11095 of February 26, 1963.
(23) Executive Order No. 11310 of October 11, 1966.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
October 28, 1969.
68-13005; Filed, Oct. 28, 1969; 2:19 p.m.]